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“Chest Physiotherapy,” by Susan Hamilton, MS, RN, for OPENPediatrics

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“Chest Physiotherapy,” by Susan Hamilton, MS, RN, for OPENPediatrics

Learn about the proper patient positioning and techniques used to perform chest physiotherapy, including percussion, vibration, and postural drainage.

Please visit: www.openpediatrics.org

OPENPediatrics™ is an interactive digital learning platform for healthcare clinicians sponsored by Boston Children’s Hospital and in collaboration with the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies. It is designed to promote the exchange of knowledge between healthcare providers around the world caring for critically ill children in all resource settings. The content includes internationally recognized experts teaching the full range of topics on the care of critically ill children. All content is peer-reviewed and open access-and thus at no expense to the user.

For further information on how to enroll, please email: openpediatrics@childrens.harvard.edu

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Chest Physiotherapy, by Susan Hamilton.

Health care workers in all health care settings should always adhere to the latest World Health Organization guidelines on hand hygiene and barrier precautions before and after contact with the patient, bodily fluids, or patient surroundings. For more information, please watch our video entitled Hand Hygiene.

Introduction.

Hi, I’m Sue Hamilton. I’m a nurse educator at Children’s Hospital Boston. I’m here to talk to you today about some techniques of chest physical therapy that include percussion, vibration and postural drainage.

Indications. Chest physiotherapy is used to help improve a patient’s pulmonary function, including gas exchange and lung compliance. This is accomplished through mobilizing secretions, which are present in the artificial airways and/or lungs of a critically-ill child. You would want to perform this procedure in order to stimulate a productive cough and improve aeration in patients with disorders that result in mucus production. These disorders include, but are not limited to, pneumonia, acute atelectasis, bronchiolitis, cystic fibrosis.

Contraindications. Some health care providers would refrain from performing this procedure in patients with active hemoptysis or coagulopathy, which is characterized by a platelet count of less than 50,000. You should also exercise caution in patients with rib fractures or metastases, an active pulmonary embolism, an untreated pneumothorax, a bone density deficiency, or recent spinal injury or surgery.


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